There are few things more frustrating than a little person who doesn't want to participate or try. Sometimes it leaves me with the feeling that my hands are simply tied. While there are some who at a young age have already come to the conclusion that this is how it is, there are others who just don't know they are in charge of their own thinking. Luckily for us, they are willing to change. We just have to show them how. During the first few weeks of school, I use several little tools and tricks to teach my kids about being in charge of their thinking, and I repeat these things over and over and over. Most of them follow through and the participation rate greatly improves in my class. Here's what works for me. Maybe something here will work for you and your thinkers too.
Nothing here has been earth shattering, but I hope it's been useful. I'd love to add to my collection. Please do share if you've got your own tricks for teaching kids the importance of building their brains!